01.01.2011 | Original Article | Ausgabe 1/2011
A Case–Control Study of Laparoscopy-Assisted and Open Distal Gastrectomy for Advanced Gastric Cancer
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
- Jianbo Shuang, Shengbin Qi, Jianyong Zheng, Qinchuan Zhao, Jipeng Li, Zhenghua Kang, Jin Hua, Jianjun Du
The application of laparoscopy-assisted gastric surgery has been increasing rapidly for the treatment of early gastric cancer. However, there were few reports of laparoscopic surgery in the management of advanced gastric cancer (AGC), especially with T3 depth of invasion. The aim of this study was to compare the technical feasibility and oncologic efficacy of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) versus open distal gastrectomy (ODG) for advanced gastric cancer.
A retrospective case–control study was performed comparing LADG and ODG for AGC. Thirty-five consecutive patients with AGC undergoing LADG between August 2005 and December 2007 were enrolled and these patients were compared with 35 AGC patients undergoing ODG during the same period.
Forty-two (60.0%) patients were T3 in terms of depth of invasion. Tumor location and histology were similar between the two groups. Operation time was significantly longer in the LADG group than in the ODG group. Estimated blood loss was significantly less in the LADG group. Hospital length of stay after LADG was significantly shorter than in the open group. Postoperative pain was significantly lower for laparoscopic patients. There were no significant differences in postoperative early and late complication and in the number of lymph nodes retrieved between the two groups, and the cumulative survival of the two groups was similar.
Our data indicate that LADG for AGC, mostly with T3 depth of invasion, yields good oncologic outcomes including the similar early and late complication and the cumulative survival between the two groups after 50 months of follow-up. To be accepted as a choice treatment for advanced distal gastric cancer, well-designed prospective trial to assess long-term outcomes is necessary.