01.12.2011 | Case Report | Ausgabe 6/2011
A case of heavily pretreated rectal cancer with disseminated intravascular coagulation that improved following reintroduction of FOLFOX plus bevacizumab
International Journal of Clinical Oncology
- Ayako Mizota, Kohei Shitara, Chihiro Kondo, Motoo Nomura, Tomoya Yokota, Daisuke Takahari, Takashi Ura, Kei Muro
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a complication that may be experienced by patients with solid tumors. The prognosis of solid tumors with DIC is much poorer than those without DIC. Although treatment of the underlying disease is critical for improvement of DIC, the efficacy and safety of chemotherapy in patients with DIC associated with colorectal cancer are not clear. A 50-year-old man with advanced rectal cancer and multiple liver metastases experienced DIC during third-line treatment with cetuximab plus irinotecan, following 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) plus bevacizumab and 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI) plus bevacizumab. Combination chemotherapy consisting of FOLFOX plus bevacizumab was reintroduced. Although platelet and fresh-frozen plasma transfusions were required daily before chemotherapy, the patient’s laboratory values improved after two cycles of chemotherapy, without severe toxicity. The patient was discharged, and FOLFOX plus bevacizumab has been continued on an outpatient basis without sign of recurrence of DIC as of December 2010 (4 months after initiation of chemotherapy). This case suggests that reintroduction of combination chemotherapy with FOLFOX plus bevacizumab is effective and feasible in patients with colorectal cancer with DIC and that chemotherapy may be a treatment option for such patients.