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26.12.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2019 Open Access

International Journal of Public Health 3/2019

A comparison of information sharing behaviours across 379 health conditions on Twitter

Zeitschrift:
International Journal of Public Health > Ausgabe 3/2019
Autoren:
Ziqi Zhang, Wasim Ahmed
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00038-018-1192-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

Objectives

To compare information sharing of over 379 health conditions on Twitter to uncover trends and patterns of online user activities.

Methods

We collected 1.5 million tweets generated by over 450,000 Twitter users for 379 health conditions, each of which was quantified using a multivariate model describing engagement, user and content aspects of the data and compared using correlation and network analysis to discover patterns of user activities in these online communities.

Results

We found a significant imbalance in terms of the size of communities interested in different health conditions, regardless of the seriousness of these conditions. Improving the informativeness of tweets by using, for example, URLs, multimedia and mentions can be important factors in promoting health conditions on Twitter. Using hashtags on the contrary is less effective. Social network analysis revealed similar structures of the discussion found across different health conditions.

Conclusions

Our study found variance in activity between different health communities on Twitter, and our results are likely to be of interest to public health authorities and officials interested in the potential of Twitter to raise awareness of public health.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1642 kb)
38_2018_1192_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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