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16.07.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2019

Clinical Oral Investigations 3/2019

A comparison of orofacial profiles in 5- and 10-year-old Swedish children with and without cleft lip and/or palate

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Oral Investigations > Ausgabe 3/2019
Autoren:
Anna Lena Sundell, Agneta Marcusson

Abstract

Objectives

The objectives of this study were to assess orofacial profiles in 5- and 10-year-old children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) compared to controls and to estimate a possible association between orofacial dysfunction and caries frequency.

Materials and methods

A total of 133 children with CL/P (77 5-year-olds and 56 10-year-olds) and 308 controls (142 5-year-olds and 166 10-year-olds) were included in the study. Orofacial function was evaluated with Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S), and caries were scored according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS).

Results

The total NOT-S score was higher in children with CL/P compared to controls (mean 3.2 vs 0.9, p < 0.001). The domains frequently scored in CL/P children were speech (82%), face at rest (72%), and facial expression (58%). There was a significantly positive correlation between NOT-S scores and caries frequency.

Conclusions

Children with CL/P have impaired orofacial function compared to controls. There seems to be a correlation between orofacial function and caries.

Clinical relevance

Impaired orofacial function seen in children with CL/P can be one of many risk factors for caries development, and it is suggested to be a part of caries risk assessment.

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