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01.12.2012 | Review | Ausgabe 1/2012 Open Access

World Journal of Surgical Oncology 1/2012

A concise review of the efficacy of stereotactic radiosurgery in the management of melanoma and renal cell carcinoma brain metastases

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Surgical Oncology > Ausgabe 1/2012
Autoren:
Peter W Hanson, Ameer L Elaimy, Wayne T Lamoreaux, John J Demakas, Robert K Fairbanks, Alexander R Mackay, Blake Taylor, Barton S Cooke, Sudheer R Thumma, Christopher M Lee
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Authors’ contributions

PWH, ALE and CML reviewed relevant literature for this review and drafted the manuscript. WTL, JJD, RFK, ARM, BSC and SRT provided expertise relevant to this review and helped draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Abstract

Melanoma and renal cell carcinoma have a well-documented tendency to develop metastases to the brain. Treating these lesions has traditionally been problematic, because chemotherapy has difficulty crossing the blood brain barrier and whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) is a relatively ineffective treatment against these radioresistant tumor histologies. In recent years, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has emerged as an effective and minimally-invasive treatment modality for irradiating either single or multiple intracranial structures in one clinical treatment setting. For this reason, we conducted a review of modern literature analyzing the efficacy of SRS in the management of patients with melanoma and renal cell carcinoma brain metastases. In our analysis we found SRS to be a safe, effective and attractive treatment modality for managing radioresistant brain metastases and highlighted the need for randomized trials comparing WBRT alone vs. SRS alone vs. WBRT plus SRS in treating patients with radioresistant brain metastases.
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