Skip to main content

01.12.2012 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2012 Open Access

Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1/2012

A cross sectional assessment of health related quality of life among patients with Hepatitis-B in Pakistan

Health and Quality of Life Outcomes > Ausgabe 1/2012
Noman ul Haq, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Asrul A Shafie, Fahad Saleem, Hisham Aljadhey
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests'.

Authors’ contribution

NH and FS conducted the survey and drafted the initial manuscript. MAH and AAS designed and supervised the study. HA helped in statistical analysis, interpretation and manuscript revision. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.



The study aims to assess Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) among Hepatitis B (HB) patients and to identify significant predictors of the HRQoL in HB patients of Quetta, Pakistan.


A cross sectional study by adopting European Quality of Life scale (EQ-5D) for the assessment of HRQoL was conducted. All registered HB patients attending two public hospitals in Quetta, Pakistan were approached for study. Descriptive statistics were used to describe demographic and disease related characteristics of the patients. HRQoL was scored using values adapted from the United Kingdom general population survey. EQ-5D scale scores were compared with Mann–Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis test. Standard multiple regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of HRQoL. All analyses were performed using SPSS v 16.0.


Three hundred and ninety HB patients were enrolled in the study. Majority of the participants (n = 126, 32.3%) were categorized in the age group of 18-27 years (36.07 ± 9.23). HRQoL was measured as poor in the current study patients (0.3498 ± 0.31785). The multivariate analysis revealed a significant model (F10, 380 = 40.04, P < 0.001, adjusted r2 = 0.401). Educational level (β = 0.399, p = 0.025) emerged as a positive predictor of HRQoL. Age, gender, occupation, income and locality were not predictive of better quality of life in HB patients.


Hepatitis B has an adverse affect on patients’ well-being and over all HRQoL. The study findings implicate the need of health promotion among HB patients. Improving the educational status and imparting disease related information for the local population can results in better control and management of HB.
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2012

Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1/2012 Zur Ausgabe