Yongxing Zhang and Guoying Deng contributed equally to this work.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
YZ and GD shared the first author of this article, conceptualized and designed the study, and drafted the initial manuscript. ZZ, QZ, XG, LD, QC, XD and YC They carried out the initial analyses, and reviewed and revised the manuscript. QZ and XH shares the correspondence author, designed the data collection instruments, and coordinated and supervised data collection at two of the four sites, critically reviewed the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of four types of chronic pain (headache, abdominal pain, neck and shoulder pain (NSP), and low back pain (LBP)) and to explore the relationship between the prevalence of chronic pain and self-reported academic pressure in high school students in Shanghai, China.
Three thousand students were randomly surveyed on related issues using a questionnaire, and the results were analyzed using a multivariate logistic regression model.
Among the 2849 high school students who completed the questionnaire, the overall prevalence rates of headache, abdominal pain, NSP, and LBP were 30.3, 20.9, 32.8, and 41.1 %, respectively. The students in general experienced a heavy burden of learning, a high level of stress, and sleep deprivation, which were closely related to the four types of chronic pain.
Chronic pain is a common condition in Chinese adolescents and is closely related to self-reported academic pressure.
Latina R, Sansoni J, D’Angelo D, Di Biagio E, De Marinis MG, Tarsitani G. Etiology and prevalence of chronic pain in adults: A narrative review. Prof Inferm. 2013;66:151–8. PubMed
Fernandez-de-las-Penas C, Hernandez-Barrera V, Alonso-Blanco C, Palacios-Cena D, Carrasco-Garrido P, Jimenez-Sanchez S, et al. Prevalence of neck and Low back pain in community-dwelling adults in Spain: A population-based national study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011;36:E213-9. CrossRef
Hestbaek L, Leboeuf-Yde C, Kyvik KO, Manniche C. The course of Low back pain from adolescence to adulthood: Eight-year follow-up of 9600 twins. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006;31:468–72. CrossRef
Shan Z, Deng G, Li J, Li Y, Zhang Y, Zhao Q. How schooling and lifestyle factors effect neck and shoulder pain? A cross-sectional survey of adolescents in china. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014;39:E276-83. CrossRef
Blackwell L, Kaczynski K, Logan D. Depression and school functioning in adolescents with chronic pain: The mediating role of pain-related catastrophizing. J Pain. 2009;10:S72. CrossRef
Gulewitsch MD, Enck P, Schwille-Kiuntke J, Weimer K, Schlarb AA. Rome Iii criteria in parents’ hands: pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders in community children and associations with somatic complaints and mental health. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013;25:1223–9. PubMed
Huysmans MA, Ijmker S, Blatter BM, Knol DL, van Mechelen W, Bongers PM, et al. The relative contribution of work exposure, leisure time exposure, and individual characteristics in the onset of arm-wrist-hand and neck-shoulder symptoms among office workers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2012;85:651–66. CrossRefPubMed
- A cross sectional study between the prevalence of chronic pain and academic pressure in adolescents in China (Shanghai)
- BioMed Central
Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Mail Icon II