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11.11.2017 | Clinical Conundrum | Ausgabe 1/2018

Dysphagia 1/2018

A Dramatic Case of Odynophagia

Zeitschrift:
Dysphagia > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
B. Sopeña, J. Limeres, L. García-Caballero, M. Diniz-Freitas, J. Seoane, P. Diz

Abstract

We report the case of a 77-year-old male with a history of aortic stenosis and interstitial lung disease, who debuted 3 years ago with an outbreak of necrotic and very painful canker sores. The severity of the lesions and their refractory response to treatment led to several hospital admissions and multiple consultations to different specialists (ENT, rheumatology, dermatology, ophthalmology, cardiology, and internal medicine). During this time, the patient received central parenteral nutrition with an episode of catheter-related septicemia, and he came to require psychiatric assistance for autolytic ideation. Numerous diagnostic tests were performed with inconclusive results, including biopsy of the lesion (histological study, immunohistochemistry for CD68 + , CD4 + , CD8 + , CD20 + , MCT +, and cytomegalovirus, PAS, Grocott–Gomori and Zielh–Neelsen staining, and in situ hybridization for Epstein Barr virus). Numerous treatments were unsuccessfully tested until thalidomide was administered, thus completely remitting lesions but leaving retractable scarring sequelae. Since then, the patient has had two recurrences, coinciding with the reduction of thalidomide dosages, which were controlled by increasing the dose of the immunomodulator. Recurrent necrotizing major aphthous stomatitis (Sutton’s disease) is a clinical variant of recurrent aphthous stomatitis that may have a dramatic course. Unfortunately, the lack of etiopathogenetic uniformity precludes any specific treatment. In severe cases, immunomodulators, including thalidomide, may represent a valid therapeutic option.

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