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15.10.2015 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 6/2016

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 6/2016

A Health Profile of Arab Americans in Michigan: A Novel Approach to Using a Hospital Administrative Database

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health > Ausgabe 6/2016
Florence J. Dallo, Julie J. Ruterbusch, Joseph David Kirma, Kendra Schwartz, Monty Fakhouri
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10903-015-0296-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.


The objectives of this study were to estimate and compare the prevalence of heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease, stroke, Alzheimer’s, diabetes, nephrosis, flu/pneumonia, hypertension, and atherosclerosis between Arab Americans and whites attending a large, metropolitan hospital system. The sample included 68,047 patients, 18 years of age or older, who visited the hospital during 2012. Demographic and disease variables were electronically abstracted. Demographic characteristics were compared between Arab Americans and whites using Chi square tests. Sex specific, age-adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) and 95 % confidence intervals were estimated for these two groups using a log-binomial regression model. Compared to white men, Arab American men had a higher prevalence of diabetes (PR 1.40, 95 % CI 1.29–1.52) and hypertension (PR 1.07, 95 % CI 1.04–1.10), and a lower prevalence of chronic lower respiratory disease (PR 0.74, 95 % CI 0.66–0.83). Compared to white women, Arab American women had a higher prevalence of chronic lower respiratory disease (PR 1.12, 95 % CI 1.01–1.25), diabetes (PR 1.49, 95 % CI 1.38–1.60), influenza/pneumonia (PR 1.26, 95 % CI 1.05–1.51) and hypertension (PR 1.04, 95 % CI 1.01–1.08). This study supports previous findings that health disparities exist for Arab Americans, who are classified as “white” in health statistics. Standard inclusion of Arab American as a separate ethnicity category will aid researchers in assessing the health care needs of this growing minority community.

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