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10.07.2020 | Original Article | Ausgabe 5/2020

The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India 5/2020

A Multicentre Observational Study on Risk Factors for Breast Cancer

Zeitschrift:
The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India > Ausgabe 5/2020
Autoren:
Suvarna Khadilkar, Mounika Bopanna, Pallavi Parab, Seema Gulia, Sandhya Chhasatia, Sarita Kothari, Sajana Gogineni, Tarini Taneja, Prema Perumal, Dinesh Jethwa, Yogesh Kembhavi, Sudeep Gupta
Wichtige Hinweise
Dr. Suvarna Khadilkar, MD, Professor and Head at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bombay Hospital Institute of Medical Sciences, and past Chairperson Endocrine Committee of FOGSI, and Editor-in-Chief of JOGI, Mumbai, India. Dr. Mounika Bopanna, MD, DM, Senior Resident at the Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Centre, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, India. Dr. Pallavi Parab, BHMS, Research Fellow (Medical) at the Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Centre, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, India. Dr. Seema Gulia, MD, DM, Professor at the Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Centre, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, India. Dr. Sandhya Chhasatia, MD, DGO, Gynaecologist at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sandhya Hospital and Maternity Home, Surat, India. Dr. Sarita Kothari, DGO, Consultant at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, RST Regional Cancer Hospital, Nagpur, India. Dr. Sajana Gogineni, MS-OBG, Professor and Head at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Dr. Pinnamaneni Siddhartha Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Foundation, Chinaoutpalli, India. Dr. Tarini Taneja, MD, DGO, Chairperson Breast Committee FOGSI 2013-15, Consultant at the Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Mujaffarnagar, India. Ms. Prema Perumal, M.Sc, Senior Research Fellow (Non-Medical) at the Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Centre, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, India. Mr. Dinesh Jethwa, B.Com, Senior Coordinator (Admin) at the Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Centre, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, India. Mr. Yogesh Kembhavi, MBA, Research Project Manager at the Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Centre, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, India. Dr. Sudeep Gupta, MD, DM, Professor at the Department of Medical Oncology, Tata Memorial Centre, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, India.
Suvarna Khadilkar and Mounika Bopanna contributed equally and are joint first authors.

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Abstract

Background

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in Indian women. There is scant data from Indian hospital-based populations on the prevalence of risk factors of this disease. We performed this study to quantify and analyze various epidemiological risk factors in Indian breast cancer patients.

Methods

This was a multicenter collaborative study wherein breast cancer patients older than 18 years were served a structured questionnaire after informed consent. Patients or their relatives were required to fill out the questionnaire and those who were unable to read and write were excluded. Data were abstracted from case record forms and variables were descriptively analyzed.

Results

Between January 2015 and February 2016, 800 patients were screened, of whom 736 patients with a mean age of 50.13 years were enrolled in the study. The mean number of pregnancies was 2.75 (0–11), the number (percentage) of women who had breastfed for more than 6 months was 628 (85.3) and 406 (55.1%) patients were post-menopausal at the time of breast cancer diagnosis. Of the enrolled patients, 91 (12.8%) had history of exposure to passive smoke, 13 (1.8%) had partners who were heavy smokers, 27 (3.7%) had history of oral contraceptive use, 4 (0.5%) had history of hormone replacement therapy, and 103 (14%) had undergone hysterectomy with oophorectomy.

Conclusion

Our study contributes to the descriptive prevalence of some known risk factors in Indian breast cancer patients.

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