Skip to main content
main-content

01.12.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 12/2014

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 12/2014

A Nationwide Analysis of Postoperative Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism in Colon and Rectal Surgery

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery > Ausgabe 12/2014
Autoren:
Zhobin Moghadamyeghaneh, Mark H. Hanna, Joseph C. Carmichael, Ninh T. Nguyen, Michael J. Stamos
Wichtige Hinweise
This study was presented as a lunchtime poster presentation at the Tripartite Colorectal Meeting 2014 last July 1, 2014, in Birmingham, UK.

Abstract

There are limited data regarding predictive factors of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing colorectal resection. We sought to identify associations between patient comorbidities and postoperative VTE in colorectal resection. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was used to examine clinical data of patients experiencing postoperative VTE after colorectal resection from 2005 to 2011. Multivariate analysis using logistic regression was performed to quantify risk factors of VTE. We sampled 116,029 patients undergoing colorectal resection. The rate of VTE was 2 % (2,278) with 0.2 % (182) having deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). The first week after operation was the most common time for postoperative VTE. A significant number of patients suffering DVT and PE were diagnosed after index hospital discharge (PE 34.6 %, DVT 29.3 %). The most important risk factors identified for DVT include (P < 0.05) ASA score >2 (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.77) and hypoalbuminemia (serum albumin level <3.5 mg/dl) (AOR 1.69). The most important factors had associations with PE include (P < 0.05) DVT (AOR 14.60) and disseminated cancer (AOR 1.70). Ulcerative colitis (AOR 1.48, P = 0.01) and stage 4 cancer (AOR 1.29, P = 0.02) have associations with DVT. Open colorectal procedures have higher risk of DVT compared to laparoscopic procedures (AOR 1.33, P < 0.01). Postoperative VTE occurs in 2 % of colorectal resections. Thirty percent of VTE events were diagnosed after discharge. Prophylactic treatment of VTE after discharge may have benefits in high-risk patients. Thirteen and eleven perioperative risk factors have associations with DVT and PE, respectively. Emergent admission, open procedures, ulcerative colitis, and stage 4 cancer patients have increased risk of DVT.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 12/2014

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 12/2014 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise