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19.02.2018 | Computed Tomography | Ausgabe 8/2018

European Radiology 8/2018

A noise-optimized virtual monoenergetic reconstruction algorithm improves the diagnostic accuracy of late hepatic arterial phase dual-energy CT for the detection of hypervascular liver lesions

Zeitschrift:
European Radiology > Ausgabe 8/2018
Autoren:
Carlo N. De Cecco, Damiano Caruso, U. Joseph Schoepf, Domenico De Santis, Giuseppe Muscogiuri, Moritz H. Albrecht, Felix G. Meinel, Julian L. Wichmann, Philip F. Burchett, Akos Varga-Szemes, Douglas H. Sheafor, Andrew D. Hardie
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00330-018-5313-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Objectives

To assess the image quality and diagnostic accuracy of a noise-optimized virtual monoenergetic imaging (VMI+) algorithm compared with standard virtual monoenergetic imaging (VMI) and linearly-blended (M_0.6) reconstructions for the detection of hypervascular liver lesions in dual-energy CT (DECT).

Methods

Thirty patients who underwent clinical liver MRI were prospectively enrolled. Within 60 days of MRI, arterial phase DECT images were acquired on a third-generation dual-source CT and reconstructed with M_0.6, VMI and VMI+ algorithms from 40 to 100 keV in 5-keV intervals. Liver parenchyma and lesion contrast-to-noise-ratios (CNR) were calculated. Two radiologists assessed image quality. Lesion sensitivity, specificity and area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) were calculated for the three algorithms with MRI as the reference standard.

Results

VMI+ datasets from 40 to 60 keV provided the highest liver parenchyma and lesion CNR (p ≤0.021); 50 keV VMI+ provided the highest subjective image quality (4.40±0.54), significantly higher compared to VMI and M_0.6 (all p <0.001), and the best diagnostic accuracy in < 1-cm diameter lesions (AUC=0.833 vs. 0.777 and 0.749, respectively; p ≤0.003).

Conclusions

50-keV VMI+ provides superior image quality and diagnostic accuracy for the detection of hypervascular liver lesions with a diameter < 1cm compared to VMI or M_0.6 reconstructions.

Key Points

• Low-keV VMI+ are characterized by higher contrast resulting from maximum iodine attenuation.
• VMI+ provides superior image quality compared with VMI or M_0.6.
• 50-keV_VMI+ provides higher accuracy for the detection of hypervascular liver lesions < 1cm.

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