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The SLC29A3 gene, encoding a nucleoside transporter protein, is found in intracellular membranes. Based on the literatures, mutations in this gene cause a wide range of clinical manifestations including H syndrome, pigmented hypertrichosis with insulin dependent diabetes, Faisalabad histiocytosis, and dysosteosclerosis. However, all these disorders with their different names and terminologies are actually the same entity termed H syndrome.
We report four GJB2 and GJB6 negative deaf patients from two Iranian related families who present the associated symptoms of SLC29A3-disorder. Whole Exome Sequencing (WES) using Next Generation Illumina Sequencing was used to enrich all exons of protein-coding genes as well as some other important genomic regions in one of studied patients. A novel homozygous frame-shift mutation c.307-308delTT (p.Phe103fs) in exon 3 of SLC29A3 gene was identified in a 35 years old man with profound hearing loss, camptodactyly, rheumatoid arthritis and delayed puberty without any skin changes, short stature and insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. The mutation found was also confirmed by Sanger sequencing in other studied patients and their healthy parents. In compared to proband, however the clinical manifestations of these patients were different, indicating variable expressivity of mutant SLC29A3 gene as well as possible involvement of other modifier genes.
The present study uncovered a rare novel homozygous frame-shift mutation c.307-308delTT in SLC29A3 gene of four related patients with various manifestation of SLC29A3-disorder. Such studies can help to conduct genetic counseling and subsequently, prenatal diagnosis more accurately for individuals at the high risk of these types of genetic disorders.