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16.11.2016 | PHASE I STUDIES | Ausgabe 1/2017

Investigational New Drugs 1/2017

A phase 1 study combining the HER3 antibody seribantumab (MM-121) and cetuximab with and without irinotecan

Zeitschrift:
Investigational New Drugs > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
James M. Cleary, Autumn J. McRee, Geoffrey I. Shapiro, Sara M. Tolaney, Bert H. O’Neil, Jeffrey D. Kearns, Sara Mathews, Rachel Nering, Gavin MacBeath, Akos Czibere, Sunil Sharma, W. Michael Korn

Summary

Background HER3/EGFR heterodimers have been implicated as a mode of resistance to EGFR-directed therapies. Methods This Phase 1 trial assessed the tolerability, maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of the HER-3 antibody seribantumab in combination with cetuximab (Part I) or cetuximab and irinotecan (Part II) in patients with EGFR-dependent cancers. In Part I, escalating doses of seribantumab and cetuximab were administered. In Part II of the trial, escalating doses of seribantumab/cetuximab were combined with irinotecan 180 mg/m2 administered every two weeks. Results 34 patients were enrolled in Part I (seribantumab/cetuximab) and 14 patients were enrolled in Part II (seribantumab/cetuximab/irinotecan). Common toxicities of seribantumab/cetuximab included acneiform rash, diarrhea, stomatitis, and paronychia. The MTD of Part I was seribantumab 40 mg/kg bolus, then 20 mg/kg weekly combined with cetuximab 400 mg/m2 bolus, then 250 mg/m2 IV weekly. Common toxicities reported in the seribantumab/cetuximab/irinotecan combination were similar to the Part I portion. However, toxicities were more frequent and severe with the triplet combination. There was one treatment-related death in Part II secondary to Grade 4 neutropenia and grade 3 diarrhea. Other dose-limiting toxicities in Part II were Grade 3 mucositis and Grade 3 diarrhea. A cholangiocarcinoma patient, previously untreated with EGFR-directed therapy, had a confirmed partial response (PR). One colorectal cancer patient, previously treated with EGFR-directed therapy, had an unconfirmed PR. Conclusions Seribantumab/cetuximab was well tolerated and patients experienced toxicities typical to EGFR inhibition. Unlike the seribantumab/cetuximab doublet, seribantumab/cetuximab/irinotecan was difficult to tolerate in this heavily pretreated population. There was limited efficacy of the combination therapy.

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