A phase II study was performed to investigate the safety and efficacy of weekly doses of combined paclitaxel and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) with concurrent radiation therapy, followed by 2 cycles of consolidation chemotherapy to treat patients with advanced oesophageal carcinoma.
The eligibility criteria included local, advanced, newly diagnosed and postoperative local regional lymph node metastasis; an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score of ≤ 2; and adequate organ function. Patients received chemoradiotherapy consisting of radiotherapy (50.4 Gy/28 Fx or 61.2 Gy/34 Fx) and concurrent paclitaxel (50 mg/m2) and 5-FU (300 mg/m2) for 96 h on days 1, 8, 15, 22, and 29. The two-cycle consolidation chemotherapy protocol included paclitaxel (175 mg/m2) plus continuously infused 5-FU (1800 mg/m2) for 72 h administered on days 57 and 85, after concurrent chemoradiotherapy.
Between February 2012 and August 2013, 53 patients with oesophageal carcinoma were enrolled in the study. Among these patients, 33 (62.2%) were newly diagnosed and 20 (37.7%) had postoperative local regional lymph node metastasis. The median overall survival (OS) time was 17.9 months (95% CIs = 11.9-23.9), and the median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 12.4 months (95% CIs = 8.6-16.1). Approximately 84.9% (45/53) and 50.9% (27/53) of the patients completed ≥ 5 cycles and all 7 cycles of chemotherapy, respectively. Approximately 86.7% (46/53) of patients completed radiation therapy. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates were 66.0%, 37.7%, and 35.8%, respectively. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year local control rates were 76.9%, 66.4%, and 66.4%, respectively. Seventeen patients (32%) experienced grade 3 or higher toxicity. Grade 3 to 5 toxicity during chemoradiotherapy included neutropaenia (7.5%), thrombocytopaenia (1.8%), fatigue (7.5%), anaemia (1.8%), dermatitis radiation (1.8%), pneumonitis (5.6%), oesophagitis (9.4%) and vomiting (3.7%).
The combination of weekly doses of paclitaxel and 5-FU was well tolerated and produced comparable results among patients with locally advanced oesophageal cancer. A randomised phase III trial (NCT01591135) comparing paclitaxel plus 5-FU with cisplatin plus 5-FU is on-going at our hospital.
Ilson DH, Forastiere A, Arquette M, Costa F, Heelan R, Huang Y, et al. A phase II trial of paclitaxel and cisplatin in patients with advanced carcinoma of the esophagus. Cancer J. 2000;6:316–23. PubMed
Chiu PW, Chan AC, Leung SF, Leong HT, Kwong KH, Li MK, et al. Multicenter prospective randomized trial comparing standard esophagectomy with chemoradiotherapy for treatment of squamous esophageal cancer: early results from the Chinese University Research Group for Esophageal Cancer (CURE). J Gastrointest Surg. 2005;9:794–802. CrossRefPubMed
- A phase II study of concurrent chemoradiotherapy combined with a weekly paclitaxel and 5-fluorouracil regimen to treat patients with advanced oesophageal carcinoma
- BioMed Central
Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie
Mail Icon II