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04.09.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 12/2018

European Journal of Applied Physiology 12/2018

A phenomenological model of the time course of maximal voluntary isometric contraction force for optimization of complex loading schemes

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Applied Physiology > Ausgabe 12/2018
Autoren:
Johannes L. Herold, Christian Kirches, Johannes P. Schlöder
Wichtige Hinweise
Communicated by Jean-René Lacour.

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00421-018-3983-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

The time course of maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) force is of particular interest whenever force capacities are a limiting factor, e.g., during heavy manual work or resistance training (RT) sessions. The objective of this work was to develop a mathematical model of this time course that is suitable for optimization of complex loading schemes.

Materials and methods

We compiled a literature overview of existing models and justified the need for a new model. We then constructed a phenomenological ordinary differential equation model to describe the time course of MVIC force during voluntary isometric contractions and at rest. We validated the model with a comprehensive set of published data from the elbow flexors. For this, we estimated parameters from a subset of the available data and used those estimates to predict the remaining data. Afterwards, we illustrated the benefits of our model using the calibrated model to (1) analyze fatigue and recovery patterns observed in the literature (2) compute a work–rest schedule that minimizes fatigue (3) determine an isometric RT session that maximizes training volume.

Results

We demonstrated that our model (1) is able to describe MVIC force under complex loading schemes (2) can be used to analyze fatigue and recovery patterns observed in the literature (3) can be used to optimize complex loading schemes.

Conclusions

We developed a mathematical model of the time course of MVIC force that can be efficiently employed to optimize complex loading schemes. This enables an optimal use of MVIC force capacities.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary Materials: A Python script for simulation of the proposed model. (8KB)
421_2018_3983_MOESM1_ESM.py
Literatur
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