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01.12.2017 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Public Health 1/2017

A pilot and feasibility study to assess children’s consumption in quick-service restaurants using plate waste methodology

Zeitschrift:
BMC Public Health > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Juliana F. W. Cohen, Susan B. Roberts, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Madeleine M. G. Gamache, Vanessa M. Lynskey, Emilia Matthews, Megan P. Mueller, Shanti Sharma, Christina D. Economos
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​s12889-017-4171-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Children regularly consume foods from quick-service restaurants (QSR), but little is known about the foods that children order, the calories and nutrients consumed, the accuracy of stated calorie information, or the ability to assess food orders and consumption in QSRs. This study evaluated the feasibility of plate waste collection in QSRs and examined children’s orders and consumption of meals from the standard and children’s menus. Additional aims were to examine if the meals ordered met healthier standards for children’s menu items and determine the accuracy of the QSR-stated energy content of foods.

Methods

Fifteen QSRs, two malls, and 116 eligible parents were approached to participate in the study in 2015. Among the families recruited, children’s meal orders and consumption were analyzed using plate waste methodology, and a subsample of foods was analyzed using bomb calorimetry in 2015.

Results

Two individual QSRs and one mall food court with two QSRs agreed to participate, and n = 50 participants (parents with children between the ages of 5-10 years) were recruited. Children consumed on average 519 calories, 5.7 g saturated fat, 957 mg sodium, 3.7 g fiber, and 22.7 g sugar. Children ordered and consumed significantly fewer calories and less sodium and sugar with meals ordered exclusively from the children’s menu compared with the standard menu. Overall there were no significant differences between the measured and stated energy contents of the QSR foods.

Conclusions

Conducting plate waste research in QSRs is feasible and there is concordance with stated calorie information. Consuming foods exclusively from the children’s menu may help limit overconsumption in QSRs.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: Figure S1. Children’s energy consumption in quick-service restaurants. (DOCX 18 kb)
12889_2017_4171_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatur
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