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28.11.2018 | Original Contributions

A Pilot Study of Serum Sphingomyelin Dynamics in Subjects with Severe Obesity and Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis after Sleeve Gastrectomy

Zeitschrift:
Obesity Surgery
Autoren:
Bruno Ramos-Molina, Daniel Castellano-Castillo, Oscar Pastor, Luis Ocaña-Wilhelmi, Diego Fernández-García, Manuel Romero-Gómez, Fernando Cardona, Francisco J. Tinahones

Abstract

Background

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is present in a high percentage of obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. A significant proportion of patients still present NASH even after considerable weight loss and metabolic improvements after surgery.

Objective

To determine whether the changes in the serum lipidome after sleeve gastrectomy could be used to discriminate obese patients with NASH patients to those with non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL).

Methods

This study involved 24 patients with grade 3 obesity diagnosed with either NAFL (n = 8) or NASH (n = 16) using the non-invasive OWLiver assay. All patients suffering from NASH were re-evaluated 6 months after bariatric surgery using the OWLiver test to confirm NASH resolution. Serum lipid extracts were assessed at baseline and 6 months post surgery and were analyzed in an ultra-performance liquid chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-TOF-MS)-based platform.

Results

Lipidomic analysis revealed a differential sphingomyelin profile in patients with NASH resolution after sleeve gastrectomy. Certain serum sphingomyelin species were significantly higher at baseline in NASH patients in comparison to those with NAFL. Sphingomyelin profile of subjects with NASH resolution was similar to that for obese subjects with NAFL before bariatric surgery.

Conclusion

Our study indicates that the serum sphingomyelin levels could be related to the status of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and that certain sphingomyelin species may be used for the follow-up of obese patients with NASH after sleeve gastrectomy.

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