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01.06.2014 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 6/2014

International Orthopaedics 6/2014

A radiographic and clinical comparison of reamer–irrigator–aspirator versus iliac crest bone graft in ankle arthrodesis

Zeitschrift:
International Orthopaedics > Ausgabe 6/2014
Autoren:
Scott R. Nodzo, Nathan B. Kaplan, Donald W. Hohman, Christopher A. Ritter

Abstract

Purpose

We evaluated radiographic fusion at follow-up and complication rates in patients who had either iliac crest (ICBG) or femoral reamer–irrigator–aspirator (RIA) bone graft for tibiotalar fusion.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed charts and radiographs of all patients who had a tibiotalar fusion from August 2007 to February 2011. Records were analysed for patient demographics, complications, and clinical symptoms. Radiographs were reviewed in sequential order by two fellowship-trained foot and ankle surgeons and one orthopaedic surgeon who specialises in foot and ankle surgery to determine radiographic fusion at routine follow-up. Patients were contacted to determine current visual analog scores (VAS) at their graft site.

Results

Mean patient age was 49.4 ± 12.1 years in the RIA group and 49.3 ± 15.4 years in the ICBG group (p = .97). Pre-operative characteristics showed no significant differences between groups. The ICBG group had significantly more nonunions than the RIA group (six vs. one, p = 0.04). Two patients in the ICBG had chronic pain at their graft site based on their VAS score; there were none in the RIA group. Radiographic fusion at follow-up was similar between groups, with no significant difference (12.48 ± 3.85 weeks vs.12.21 ± 3.19 weeks, p = .80).

Conclusions

There was a significantly higher nonunion rate in the ICBG group, but both groups had a solid radiographic bony fusion at similar follow-up time points. Our results suggest RIA bone graft is a viable alternative to ICBG for tibiotalar fusion.

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