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01.12.2017 | Study protocol | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Trials 1/2017

A randomized phase II study to assess the effect of adjuvant immunotherapy using α-GalCer-pulsed dendritic cells in the patients with completely resected stage II–IIIA non-small cell lung cancer: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Zeitschrift:
Trials > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Hideo Saka, Chiyoe Kitagawa, Yukito Ichinose, Mitsuhiro Takenoyama, Hidenori Ibata, Tatsuo Kato, Koji Takami, Motohiro Yamashita, Tadashi Maeda, Sadanori Takeo, Hitoshi Ueda, Kan Okabayashi, Seiji Nagashima, Tadayuki Oka, Hidenori Kouso, Seiichi Fukuyama, Kentaro Yoshimoto, Mototsugu Shimokawa, Akiko M. Saito, Suminobu Ito
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​s13063-017-2103-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

As the toxicity associated with the α-GalCer-pulsed dendritic cell (DC) therapy could be considered to be negligible, its addition to postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy would be expected to greatly improve the therapeutic effect, and could result in prolonged survival.
The aim of the present study is to compare the therapeutic efficacy of alpha-galactosylceramide-pulsed DC therapy in patients who have undergone a complete resection of stage II–IIIA non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) followed by postoperative adjuvant therapy with cisplatin plus vinorelbine, to that in patients who did not receive additional treatment (surgical resection plus postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy only).

Methods

Subsequent to the complete resection of NSCLC, followed by the administration of cisplatin plus vinorelbine dual-agent combination adjuvant chemotherapy, patients who satisfy the inclusion criteria will be randomly allocated to either the α-GalCer-pulsed DC immune therapy group, or the standard treatment group.
In total, 56 patients will be included in the study. The primary endpoint is recurrence-free survival, and the secondary endpoints are natural killer T-cell-specific immune response, the frequency of toxic effects and safety, and overall survival.

Discussion

In order to determine the efficacy of α-GalCer-pulsed DC therapy, the present study compares patients with stage II–III NSCLC who underwent complete surgical resection followed by postoperative adjuvant therapy with cisplatin plus vinorelbine, to those who did not receive additional treatment (surgical resection plus postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy only).

Trial registration

UMIN000010386 (R000012145). Registered on 1 April 2013.
UMIN-CTR is officially recognized as a registration site which satisfies ICMJE criteria.
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