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25.07.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 1/2018

Supportive Care in Cancer 1/2018

A randomized phase II trial of geriatric assessment and management for older cancer patients

Zeitschrift:
Supportive Care in Cancer > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Martine T. E. Puts, Schroder Sattar, Michael Kulik, Mary Ellen MacDonald, Kara McWatters, Katherine Lee, Sarah Brennenstuhl, Raymond Jang, Eitan Amir, Monika K. Krzyzanowska, Anthony M. Joshua, Johanne Monette, Doreen Wan-Chow-Wah, Shabbir M. H. Alibhai
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s00520-017-3820-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

Geriatric assessment and management (GAM) can identify current health issues and recommend interventions to optimize well-being of older adults, but no randomized trial has yet been completed in oncology. Therefore, a randomized phase 2 trial was conducted.

Methods

A two-group parallel single-blinded randomized phase II trial (ClinicalTrials.​gov Identifier: NCT02222259) enrolled patients aged ≥70 years, diagnosed with stage 2–4 gastrointestinal, genitourinary, or breast cancer within 6 weeks of commencing chemotherapy at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre. The coprimary feasibility outcomes were the proportion of eligible patients enrolled and retained. The coprimary clinical outcomes were quality of life (QOL) (EORTC QLQ C30) and modification of cancer treatment. Descriptive and regression analyses using intent-to-treat analysis were conducted.

Results

Sixty-one persons (64%) agreed to participate (31 allocated to intervention arm and 30 to control group). In the control group, more participants died and refused follow-up. The benefit of intervention over control on QOL at 3 months was greater for those who survived 6 months (difference 9.28; 95% CI −10.35 to 28.91) versus those who survived only 3 months (difference 6.55; 95% CI −9.63 to 22.73).

Conclusions

This trial showed that it was feasible to recruit and retain older adults for a GAM study. Those who survived at least 6 months seemed to receive a greater QOL benefit than those who died or withdrew.

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Zusatzmaterial
ESM 1 (DOCX 103 kb)
520_2017_3820_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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