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01.12.2018 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Infectious Diseases 1/2018

A rare case of pericarditis and pleural empyema secondary to transdiaphragmatic extension of pyogenic liver abscess

Zeitschrift:
BMC Infectious Diseases > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Eunae Cho, Sang Woo Park, Chung Hwan Jun, Sang Soo Shin, Eun Kyu Park, Kyo Seon Lee, Seon Young Park, Chang Hwan Park, Hyun Soo Kim, Sung Kyu Choi, Jong Sun Rew

Abstract

Background

Transdiaphragmatic extension of pyogenic liver abscess is the rarest cause of pericarditis and pleural empyema. It is a rapidly progressive and highly lethal infection with mortality rates reaching 100% if left untreated. However, the transmission route, treatment methods and prognosis have not been well studied.

Case presentation

A 65-year-old male patient presented with a fever, dyspnea, and right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Computed tomography of the chest and abdomen showed huge liver abscess without full liquefaction in the left lobe, large amount of left pleural effusion, and mild pericardial effusion, and the patient was treated with parenteral antibiotics and pigtail insertion at the left pleura. However, four days later, cardiac tamponade was developed and surgical drainage of the abscess and pericardium was performed. Klebsiella pneumonia was isolated from pleural empyema. Twenty-five days after surgery, the patient was discharged without any complications.

Conclusions

Herein, we report a rare case of pleural empyema and pericarditis in that resulted from the extension of huge pyogenic liver abscess. Early surgical treatment may have prevented progression of the pericarditis to the more dismal purulent pericarditis. We also review pertinent English literature on pericarditis as a complication of PLA.
Literatur
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