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01.03.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 1/2014

European Orthopaedics and Traumatology 1/2014

A safe and cost-effective method for treatment of angulated fifth metacarpal shaft fractures in the out-patient clinic

Zeitschrift:
European Orthopaedics and Traumatology > Ausgabe 1/2014
Autoren:
K Karthik, Sunit Patil, Sanjay Miranda

Abstract

Introduction

Surgical treatment is justified in patients with fifth metacarpal shaft fractures with angulation exceeding 30°, as these patients are prone to have shortening, restriction of movements, decreased efficiency of the flexor tendons and poor cosmetic results. The authors describe a new technique where these patients can be treated in the clinic non-surgically.

Material and methods

Twenty-three patients with angulated fractures were prospectively enrolled for the study from Jan 2009 to Dec 2009. After appropriately instructing the patient, an ulnar nerve block was performed at the wrist. Once the nerve block had taken effect, the fracture was manipulated and an ulna gutter 3-point moulded splint was applied in the plaster room. The reduction was then confirmed with an x-ray. The patients were assessed using disability of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score and radiographs at follow-up.

Results

At the average follow-up of 12.38 months (range, 9–17), the DASH score was 2.03 (range, 0–6.7). The return to sports/work was at 3.2 weeks (range, 1–6) following the injury. The DASH work and sports score was 3.55 (range, 0–12.5) and 0.89 (range, 0–12.5) respectively. The mean initial fracture angulation of 40.05°, reduced to 15.76°. All the patients had a completely pain-free manipulation with no complications related to the technique and reduction.

Conclusions

In the current economic climate with pressure on time and resources, the authors suggest the treatment described above of these fractures in the clinic. It is a safe, cost-effective and easily learnt technique.

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