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20.01.2020 | Original Article | Ausgabe 1/2020

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 1/2020

A single-center experience in the management of head and neck lymphangiomas

Zeitschrift:
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery > Ausgabe 1/2020
Autoren:
Paolo Aluffi Valletti, Matteo Brucoli, Paolo Boffano, Arnaldo Benech, Andrea Toso, Valeria Dell’Era, Massimiliano Garzaro
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Abstract

Introduction

Lymphangiomas are relatively uncommon head and neck region lymphatic malformations. Although surgery can be still considered the mainstay of treatment, sclerotherapy by OK-432 is becoming a widespread treatment option. The aim of this article is to present and discuss the management and outcomes of a series of cases of lymphangiomas.

Methods

All patients with lymphangiomas who were treated from 2010 to 2018 were reviewed. The following data were recorded: age, gender, subtype, staging, type of treatment, outcome, and recurrence.

Results

Fifteen patients (9 females, 6 males) were included with 2 microcystic and 13 macrocystic lymphangiomas. Six patients underwent surgery with excision (5 with a complete success, one with a fair success), whereas the remaining 9 subjects underwent sclerotherapy by OK-432 (6 with a complete success, 3 with a fair success). No postoperative complications were observed.

Conclusions

All modes of treatment are important in properly selected patients affected by lymphangiomas. OK-432 therapy is a safe and effective option in the treatment of head and neck lymphangiomas.

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