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01.12.2014 | Ausgabe 12/2014

Surgical Endoscopy 12/2014

A single institutional comparison of endoscopic and open abdominal component separation

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 12/2014
Autoren:
Saïd C. Azoury, Andrew P. Dhanasopon, Xuan Hui, Carla De La Cruz, Sami H. Tuffaha, Justin M. Sacks, Kenzo Hirose, Thomas H. Magnuson, Caiyun Liao, Monica Lovins, Michael A. Schweitzer, Hien T. Nguyen
Wichtige Hinweise
Presented at the SAGES 2014 Annual Meeting, April 2–5, 2014, Salt Lake City, Utah

Abstract

Background

The authors analyzed surgical factors and outcomes data in the largest single institutional study comparing endoscopic (ECS) and open component separation (OCS) in ventral hernia repairs (VHR).

Methods

A prospectively maintained database was reviewed, identifying 76 patients who underwent component separation for VHR with mesh from 2010 to 2013: 34 OCS and 42 ECS. Comparisons were made for demographics, surgical risk factors, and peri-operative outcomes. Wound complications and hernia occurrence post-operatively were reviewed. Risk analyses were performed to determine the association of pre-operative risk factors with surgical site occurrences.

Results

Twenty-five ECS patients underwent subsequent laparoscopic hernia repair, and 17 underwent open repair. Operative time for ECS was longer than OCS (334 vs. 239 min; P < 0.001); however, there was no difference in length of stay (4 days in both groups, P = 0.64) and estimated blood loss (ECS: 97 vs. OCS: 93 cc, P = 0.847). In a sub-analysis of ECS patients, those who underwent laparoscopic hernia repair had a 96 min shorter operative time (P < 0.001) and lower EBL (63 vs. 147 cc, P < 0.001) than open repair. Wound complications were 24 % in the ECS (n = 10) and 32 % in OCS group (n = 11). There was one midline hernia recurrence in the ECS group (mean follow-up of 8 months, range 0.5–34.5 months) and no hernia recurrences in the OCS group (mean follow-up 10 months, range 0.5–30 months). Three of the patients in the ECS group developed new lateral abdominal wall hernias post-operatively.

Conclusions

The ECS group had a significantly longer operative time than the OCS group. Post-operative wound complications were similar between ECS and OCS groups. Patients in the ECS group who underwent subsequent laparoscopic VHR had a shorter operative time and blood loss than open repair.

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