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01.12.2017 | Original Scientific Article | Ausgabe 6/2017

European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry 6/2017

A study of parental presence/absence technique for child dental behaviour management

Zeitschrift:
European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry > Ausgabe 6/2017
Autoren:
V. Boka, K. Arapostathis, G. Charitoudis, J. Veerkamp, C. van Loveren, N. Kotsanos

Abstract

Aim

To examine the effectiveness of parental presence/absence (PPA) technique on the dental behaviour management of children.

Materials and methods

This randomised control study recruited 61 child dental patients with uncooperative behaviour (Frankl 1 or 2) managed with AAPD-endorsed non-pharmacological techniques at a post-graduate university clinic. PPA was only used in the test group (31 children). Using a mini video-tape device, recording commenced at the onset of uncooperative behaviour and this was later rated, minute by minute, by a blinded experienced paediatric dentist.

Statistical analysis

Data were analysed with SPSS v.13.0. The Kolmogorov–Smirnov test was used for normality analysis. The Mann–Whitney U-test and Log Rank analysis were also performed.

Results

The mean point in time, after behavioural problems commenced that PPA or alternatives were applied was 1.82 ± 1.04 min. Behaviour improvement (technique success) was shown by 65.6% of all children. There was no statistically significant difference between the study and control groups in age, gender, mean Frankl score, in Frankl score 2 min before/after technique application or regarding the time point at which the technique was first applied. Behaviour improvement was seen in 17 patients (54.8%) in the PPA group and in 23 patients (76.7%) in the control group.

Conclusion

PPA applied to various dental sessions as a behaviour management technique showed no advantage over other basic, non-pharmacological techniques.

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