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05.05.2016 | Review | Ausgabe 7/2016 Open Access

European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 7/2016

A systematic review and meta-analysis on Staphylococcus aureus carriage in psoriasis, acne and rosacea

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases > Ausgabe 7/2016
Autoren:
J. E. E. Totté, W. T. van der Feltz, L. G. M. Bode, A. van Belkum, E. J. van Zuuren, S. G. M. A. Pasmans
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10096-016-2647-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus might amplify symptoms in chronic inflammatory skin diseases. This study evaluates skin and mucosal colonization with S. aureus in patients with psoriasis, acne and rosacea. A systematic literature search was conducted. Both odds ratios (OR) for colonization in patients versus controls and the prevalence of colonization in patients are reported. Fifteen articles about psoriasis and 13 about acne (12 having a control group) were included. No study in rosacea met our inclusion criteria. For psoriasis, one study out of three controlled studies showed increased skin colonization (OR 18.86; 95 % confidence interval [CI] 2.20–161.99). Three out of the five studies that reported on nasal colonization showed significant ORs varying from 1.73 (95 % CI 1.16–2.58) to 14.64 (95 % CI 2.82–75.95). For acne one of the three studies that evaluated skin colonization reported a significant OR of 4.16 (95 % CI 1.74–9.94). A relation between nasal colonization and acne was not found. Limitations in study design and low sample sizes should be taken into consideration when interpreting the results. Colonisation with S. aureus seems to be increased in patients with psoriasis. This bacterial species, known for its potential to induce long-lasting inflammation, might be involved in psoriasis pathogenesis. Information on acne is limited. Prospective controlled studies should further investigate the role of S. aureus in chronic inflammatory skin diseases.

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