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25.07.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 10/2017

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 10/2017

Acute Cholangitis After Bilioenteric Anastomosis for Bile Duct Injuries

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery > Ausgabe 10/2017
Edgar Ortiz-Brizuela, José Sifuentes-Osornio, Daniel Manzur-Sandoval, Santiago Mier y Terán-Ellis, Sergio Ponce-de-León, Pedro Torres-González, Miguel Ángel Mercado



The study aims to describe the clinical features, microbiology, and associated factors of acute cholangitis (AC) after bilioenteric anastomosis (BEA) for biliary duct injury (BDI). Additionally, we assessed the performance of the Tokyo Guidelines 2013 (TG13) recommendations in these patients.


We conducted a case-control study of 524 adults with a history of BEA for BDI from January 2000 to January 2014. A propensity score adjustment was performed for the analysis of the independent role of the main factors identified during the univariate logistic regression procedure.


We identified 117 episodes of AC in 70 patients; 51.3% were definitive AC according to the TG13 diagnostic criteria, and 39.3% did not fulfill the imaging criteria of AC. A history of post-operative biliary complications (OR 2.55, 95% CI 1.38–4.70) and the bile duct confluence preservation (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.24–0.87) were associated with AC. Eighty-nine percent of the microorganisms were Enterobacteriaceae; of them, 28% were extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producers.


AC is a common complication after BEA and must be suspected even in the absence of imaging findings, particulary in patients with a history of post-operative biliary complications, and/or without bile duct confluence preserved. An empirical treatment for ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae may be appropriate in patients living in countries with a high rate of bacterial drug resistance.

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