Skip to main content
main-content

09.11.2018 | Original Article

Acute severe mitral regurgitation with cardiogenic shock following balloon mitral valvuloplasty: echocardiographic findings and outcomes following surgery

Zeitschrift:
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
Autoren:
Ajith Ananthakrishna Pillai, Vidhyakar Rangaswamy Balasubramonian, Hemachandren Munuswamy, Shabnasri Seenuvaslu

Abstract

Acute severe mitral regurgitation (MR) is the commonest indication for emergency surgery following a balloon mitral valvuloplasty (BMV). It results in hemodynamic compromise with cardiogenic shock and or acute pulmonary edema. These patients deteriorate fast and often require respiratory and critical care support, followed by urgent mitral valve replacement (MVR). We analyzed the data of 1224 BMV procedures done over the 18-year period. We had 85 patients (6.9%) with acute severe MR and cardiogenic shock. The clinical profile, echocardiographic features and operative findings were studied. The echocardiography scores were compared for association with occurrence of MR. The immediate and long-term clinical outcomes of these acutely sick patients were studied. Of the 85 patients, 84 underwent MVR. Anterior mitral leaflet tear was observed in 65 (75%) cases, para-commissural with annular tear in 8 (9.4%), Chordal injury in 7 (8%) and torn posterior leaflet in 5 (5.8%). We documented severe MR in 88 patients (7.1%), with 85 (6.9%) among them developing features of cardiogenic shock. None of the echocardiographic scoring systems were predictive of the occurrence of MR. The 30-day mortality was 4.7%. The mean clinical follow-up period after discharge was 9.3 ± 0.9 years (range 2.2–17.8) with no late mortality. Acute severe MR had an incidence of 7% in this study. Injury to the anterior mitral leaflet was the commonest cause. The long-term outcomes were good with timely intervention and valve replacement surgery despite the fact that the majority (96%) presented with cardiogenic shock. None of the present valve scoring systems could predict the occurrence of severe MR.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Kardiologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Kardiologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise