Skip to main content
main-content

01.06.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 5/2014

Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 5/2014

Additional surgical procedure is a risk factor for surgical site infections after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Zeitschrift:
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery > Ausgabe 5/2014
Autoren:
René Fahrner, Thomas Malinka, Jennifer Klasen, Daniel Candinas, Guido Beldi

Abstract

Purpose

Surgical site infections (SSI) are associated with increased costs and length of hospital stay, readmission rates, and mortality. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for SSI in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Methods

Analysis of 35,432 laparoscopic cholecystectomies of a prospective multicenter database was performed. Risk factors for SSI were identified among demographic data, preoperative patients’ history, and operative data using multivariate analysis.

Results

SSIs after laparoscopic cholecystectomy were seen in 0.8 % (n = 291) of the patients. Multivariate analysis identified the following parameters as risk factors for SSI: additional surgical procedure (odds ratio [OR] 4.0, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 2.2–7.5), age over 55 years (OR 2.4 [1.8–3.2]), conversion to open procedure (OR 2.6 [1.9–3.6]), postoperative hematoma (OR 1.9 [1.2–3.1]), duration of operation >60 min (OR 2.5 [1.7–3.6], cystic stump insufficiency (OR 12.5 [4.2–37.2]), gallbladder perforation (OR 6.2 [2.4–16.1]), gallbladder empyema (OR 1.7 [1.1–2.7]), and surgical revision (OR 15.7 [10.4–23.7]. SSIs were associated with a significantly prolonged hospital stay (p < 0.001), higher postoperative mortality (p < 0.001), and increased rate of surgical revision (p < 0.001).

Conclusions

Additional surgical procedure was identified as a strong risk factor for SSI after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Furthermore, operation time >60 min, age >55 years, conversion to open procedure, cystic stump insufficiency, postoperative hematoma, gallbladder perforation, gallbladder empyema, or surgical revision were identified as specific risk factors for SSI after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 5/2014

Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 5/2014 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Chirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise