Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a common presentation of type I diabetes mellitus to the emergency departments. Most children with DKA are initially managed in community emergency departments where providers may not have easy access to educational resources or pediatric-specific guidelines and protocols that are readily available at pediatric academic medical centers. The aim of this study is to evaluate adherence of community emergency departments in the state of Indiana to the pediatric DKA guidelines.
We performed a retrospective chart review of patients, age 18 years of age or under, admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with a diagnosis of DKA.
A total of 100 patients were included in the analysis. Thirty-seven percent of patients with DKA were managed according to all six guideline parameters. Only 39% of patients received the recommended hourly blood glucose checks. Thirty percent of patients received intravenous insulin bolus, which is not recommended.
Non-adherence to pediatric DKA guidelines still exists in the state of Indiana. Further, larger studies are needed to reveal the etiology of non-adherence to pediatric DKA guidelines and strategies to improve that adherence.