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22.01.2019 | Ausgabe 11/2019

Surgical Endoscopy 11/2019

After laparoscopic liver resection for colorectal liver metastases, age does not influence morbi-mortality

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 11/2019
Autoren:
Alban Zarzavadjian Le Bian, Nicolas Tabchouri, Mostefa Bennamoun, Christophe Louvet, Candice Tubbax, Anthony Sarran, Marine Lefevre, Marc Beaussier, Frédéric Pamoukdjian, Philippe Wind, Brice Gayet, David Fuks
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Abstract

Background

Hepatectomy remains the only curative option in patients presenting with colorectal liver metastases (CLM). Although laparoscopic approach has improved postoperative morbidity and mortality rates, its suitability for patients of all age groups has yet to be confirmed. The aim of this study was to analyze postoperative outcomes following laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) in different age groups of patients presenting with CLM.

Methods

All patients who underwent LLR for CLM from 2008 to 2017 were reviewed. Patients were divided into four age groups: < 55, 55–65 years, 65–75 and > 75 years. Baseline and intraoperative characteristics as well as postoperative morbidity and mortality were compared between all four groups.

Results

Overall, 335 patients were included with 34 (10%), 113 (34%), 136 (41%) and 52 (15%) in < 55, 55–65, 65–75 and > 75 years subgroups. Baseline characteristics were similar between all four groups except for elevated pressure, dyslipidemia and ASA score which were higher in older patients. Regarding surgical procedures, major hepatectomy, uni- or bisegmentectomy and wedge resection were performed in 122 (36%), 87 (26%) and 126 (38%) patients, respectively, with no significant differences between age groups. Overall, 90-day postoperative mortality rate was nil and postoperative morbidity was similar between all four groups except for biliary fistula occurrence, which was higher in < 55 years patients (p = 0.006).

Conclusion

Short-term postoperative outcome following LLR for CLM does not seem to be affected by age. Curative laparoscopic treatment should therefore be considered whenever possible, regardless of patient age.

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