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Erschienen in: Die Ophthalmologie 6/2008

01.06.2008 | CME Weiterbildung • Zertifizierte Fortbildung

Akkommodation und Presbyopie

Teil 1: Physiologie der Akkommodation und Entwicklung der Presbyopie

verfasst von: M. Baumeister, Prof. Dr. T. Kohnen

Erschienen in: Die Ophthalmologie | Ausgabe 6/2008

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Zusammenfassung

Akkommodation ist eine dynamische Brechkraftänderung des Auges. Nach der heute größtenteils akzeptierten und im Wesentlichen experimentell bestätigten Theorie von Helmholtz beruht sie auf dem Nachlassen der Spannung der Zonulafasern bei Kontraktion des Ziliarmuskels und der Formveränderung der Linse durch die elastische Linsenkapsel. Die Fähigkeit zur Akkomodation geht mit zunehmendem Lebensalter allmählich verloren (Presbyopie). Aufgrund der Schwierigkeiten bei der Untersuchung des Akkommodationsapparats in vivo wurden viele, sich teilweise widersprechende Theorien zum Mechanismus der Akkommodation und der Presbyopieentstehung entwickelt. In den letzten Jahren haben experimentelle Studien das Wissen über den Akkommodationsapparat bedeutend erweitert und legen eine multifaktorielle Ätiologie der Presbyopie nahe. Besseres Verständnis der Physiologie von Akkommodation und Presbyopie kann zur Entwicklung von effektiven Therapiemethoden beitragen.
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Metadaten
Titel
Akkommodation und Presbyopie
Teil 1: Physiologie der Akkommodation und Entwicklung der Presbyopie
verfasst von
M. Baumeister
Prof. Dr. T. Kohnen
Publikationsdatum
01.06.2008
Verlag
Springer-Verlag
Erschienen in
Die Ophthalmologie / Ausgabe 6/2008
Print ISSN: 2731-720X
Elektronische ISSN: 2731-7218
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00347-008-1761-8