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2018 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

25. Akutes Lungenversagen (ARDS)

verfasst von: Reinhard Larsen, Thomas Ziegenfuß

Erschienen in: Beatmung

Verlag: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

Zusammenfassung

Beim ARDS (früher: »adult respiratory distress syndrome«) handelt es sich um eine akute, schwere pulmonale Insuffizienz als typische Reaktion der Lunge auf unterschiedliche Noxen. Das ARDS ist keine Krankheitseinheit, sondern ein entzündliches Syndrom der Lunge, gekennzeichnet durch eine diffuse alveoläre Schädigung und eine gesteigerte Permeabilität der Lungenkapillaren mit Zunahme des extravasalen Lungenwassers (nichtkardiogenes Lungenödem). Klinisch ist das Syndrom charakterisiert durch schwere Dyspnoe, Tachypnoe, Zyanose trotz O2-Zufuhr, verminderte Lungencompliance und bilaterale diffuse Infiltrationen in allen Lungenbereichen.
Literatur
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Metadaten
Titel
Akutes Lungenversagen (ARDS)
verfasst von
Reinhard Larsen
Thomas Ziegenfuß
Copyright-Jahr
2018
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-54853-0_25

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