Skip to main content
main-content

01.03.2012 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 3/2012

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 3/2012

Alcohol misuse among partners: a potential effect modifier in the relationship between physical intimate partner violence and postpartum depression

Zeitschrift:
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology > Ausgabe 3/2012
Autoren:
Gustavo Lobato, Claudia L. Moraes, Alessandra S. Dias, Michael E. Reichenheim

Abstract

Purpose

This study evaluated if the probability of postpartum depression (PPD) increases with an upward gradient of physical intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy and whether substance use by any member of the couple modifies this relationship.

Methods

The sample comprised 811 randomly selected mothers of children under 5 months old attending primary health services of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2) gauged physical IPV, and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) assessed PPD. A hierarchical logistic regression model was employed to deal with confounding. Specific interaction terms between physical IPV and alcohol misuse or use of illicit drugs were also tested.

Results

Physical IPV during pregnancy was reported by 37.8% of respondents and 24.3% were presumably depressed (EPDS score ≥ 12). Interaction between physical IPV and partners’ alcohol misuse was statistically significant (p = 0.026). Although there was a significant increase in PPD with just one act of physical IPV in the absence of a partners’ alcohol misuse, mounting acts did not have any further influence. Conversely, when partners misused alcohol, the probability progressively and steeply increased from two acts onwards, reaching almost sevenfold by six cumulative physical IPV events as opposed to none.

Conclusions

The results reinforce the relevance of physical IPV as a risk factor to PPD. They also suggest that context matters, partners’ alcohol misuse acting as an important effect modifier. These evidences justify tailored preventive, screening and intervention procedures for IPV and alcohol misuse during pregnancy and the postpartum period.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2012

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 3/2012 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Neurologie & Psychiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Sie können e.Med Psychiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Psychiatrie