07.08.2021 | Review Article
Alginate scaffolds improve functional recovery after spinal cord injury
Atefeh Jahandideh, Hamid Noori, Behnaz Rahimi, Michael R. Hamblin, Zahra Behroozi, Moazzameh Ramezani , Fatemeh Ramezani
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
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In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the use of alginate for the repair of the damaged spinal cord was investigated.
After an extensive search of databases including MEDLINE, SCOPUS, EMBASE and Web of Science, an initial screening was performed based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. The full text of related articles was reviewed and data mining was performed. Data were analyzed by calculating the mean of ratios between treated and untreated groups using STATA software. Subgroup analysis was also performed due to heterogeneity. Articles were subjected to quality control and PRISMA guidelines were followed.
Twelve studies and 17 experiments were included in the study. After SCI, alginate hydrogel had a moderate effect on motor function recovery (SMD = 0.64; 95% CI 0.28–1.00; p < 0.0001) and alginate scaffolds loaded with drugs, growth factors, or cells on the SCI group compared with untreated SCI animals showed has a strong effect in the treatment of SCI (SMD = 2.82; 95% CI 1.49–4.145; p < 0.0001). Treatment with drug/cell in combination with alginate was more strongly significant compared to the groups treated with drug/cell alone (SMD = 4.55; 95% CI 1.42–7.69; p < 0.0001). Alginate alone or in combination therapy when used as an implant, had a more significant effect than injection.
These findings suggest that alginate is an efficient scaffold for functional recovery and even a much better scaffold for drug/cell delivery after SCI.