28.07.2017 | Original Article
Allogeneic Reduced-Intensity Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Chronic Granulomatous Disease: a Single-Center Prospective Trial
Mark Parta, Corin Kelly, Nana Kwatemaa, Narda Theobald, Diane Hilligoss, Jing Qin, Douglas B. Kuhns, Christa Zerbe, Steven M. Holland, Harry Malech, Elizabeth M. Kang
Journal of Clinical Immunology
Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
The purpose of this study was to evaluate engraftment and adverse events with a conditioning and prophylactic regimen intended to achieve high rates of engraftment with minimal graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in allogeneic transplantation for chronic granulomatous disease in a single center.
Forty patients, 37 male, with chronic granulomatous disease were transplanted. Transplant products were matched sibling peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) in four and matched unrelated donor (MUD) bone marrow in three, and one patient received mismatched unrelated PBSCs. Thirty-two patients received MUD PBSCs. All patients received a conditioning regimen of busulfan/alemtuzumab (with low-dose total body irradiation for MUD recipients) with sirolimus graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis.
Engraftment occured in 38/40 recipients (95%). Acute or chronic GVHD occurred in 18 (45%) and 5 (12.5%), respectively, with 6 episodes of grades III–IV and/or steroid refractory GVHD. Overall survival was 33/40 (82.5%) and event-free survival was 30/40 (80%). Successful engraftment was associated with myeloid and NK cell, but not CD3+ chimerism. Myeloid engraftment was greater than 70% in 30/32 recipients at mean follow-up of 3.4 years. Evidence of persistent immunodeficiency was not seen in successful transplants. Attempts to rescue failed or poorly functioning grafts were associated with unacceptable morbidity and mortality.
A reduced-intensity allogeneic transplant protocol based on alemtuzumab and busulfan with sirolimus GVHD prophylaxis produced high rates of successful engraftment and minimal regimen-related toxicity. Prolonged clinical follow-up has confirmed its efficacy in ameliorating CGD-related disease. Outcomes were not acceptable with donor cell infusion rescue of cause with poor graft function.