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14.06.2016 | Original Article – Cancer Research | Ausgabe 8/2016

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 8/2016

Altered CXCL12 expression reveals a dual role of CXCR4 in osteosarcoma primary tumor growth and metastasis

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology > Ausgabe 8/2016
Autoren:
Olga Neklyudova, Matthias J. E. Arlt, Patrick Brennecke, Marcus Thelen, Ana Gvozdenovic, Aleksandar Kuzmanov, Bernhard Robl, Sander M. Botter, Walter Born, Bruno Fuchs
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s00432-016-2185-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

Better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of metastasis—the major cause of death in osteosarcoma (OS)—is a key for the development of more effective metastasis-suppressive therapy. Here, we investigated the biological relevance of the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis in OS.

Methods

We interfered with CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling in CXCR4-expressing human 143-B OS cells through stable expression of CXCL12, of its competitive antagonist P2G, or of CXCL12-KDEL, designed to retain CXCR4 within the cell. Intratibial OS xenograft mouse model metastasizing to the lung was used to assess tumorigenic and metastatic potential of the manipulated cell lines.

Results

Constitutive expression of native CXCL12 promoted lung metastasis without affecting tumor growth. Stable expression of P2G or CXCL12-KDEL significantly accelerated tumor growth but diminished lung metastasis. Tumors grown from P2G- or CXCL12-KDEL-expressing cells contained higher levels of CXCR4-encoding mRNA going along with a higher percentage of CXCR4-expressing tumor cells. Lung metastases of all groups were predominantly enriched with CXCR4-expressing tumor cells.

Conclusion

Higher abundance of CXCR4 possibly contributed to increased local retention of tumor cells by bone marrow-derived CXCL12, reflected in the increased primary tumor growth and decreased number of lung metastases in P2G and CXCL12-KDEL groups. Higher percentage of CXCR4-expressing lung metastatic cells compared to the corresponding primary tumors point to important functions of the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis in late steps of metastasis. In conclusion, based on the here reported results, local treatment of lung metastases with novel CXCR4-targeting therapeutics might be considered and favored over anti-CXCR4 systemic therapy.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (TIFF 25890 kb)
432_2016_2185_MOESM1_ESM.tif
Supplementary material 2 (TIFF 25872 kb)
432_2016_2185_MOESM2_ESM.tif
Literatur
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