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01.12.2017 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Clinical and Molecular Allergy 1/2017

Amelioration of patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria in treatment with vitamin D supplement

Zeitschrift:
Clinical and Molecular Allergy > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Nazila Ariaee, Shima Zarei, Mojgan Mohamadi, Farahzad Jabbari
Wichtige Hinweise
Nazila Ariaee and Shima Zarei are equivalent as the first author

Abstract

Background

Spontaneous urticaria is a common allergic skin condition affecting 0.5–1% of individuals and may burden on health care expenditure or may be associated with remarkable morbidity.

Aim

In this study, we measured the effect of vitamin D supplementation in patients with a diagnosis of CSU. Furthermore, quality of life and cytokine changes were evaluated.

Methods

The clinical trial was conducted on 20 patients with idiopathic chronic urticaria. Vitamin D was administered orally for 8 weeks and disease activity was measured pre- and post-treatment using USS and DLQI. On the other hand expressions of IL-17, IL-10, Foxp3, and TGF-β by Real-time RT-PCR were assessed.

Results

USS questionnaire showed that severity of idiopathic urticaria after the intervention, which compared with the first day reached a significant 55% reduction. The DLQI quality of life questionnaire 2 months after treatment showed 55% improvement. Along with the significant improvement of clinical symptoms, use of vitamin D increase FOXP3 gene expression and downregulation of IL-10, TGF-B, and FOXP3, IL-17, but these changes were not statistically significant.

Limitation

These might happen due to lack of enrolled population in the investigation.

Conclusion

Vitamin D can be used along with standard medical care and it’s a safe and cost-effective method for the treatment of chronic urticaria with deficiency of vitamin D.
Literatur
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