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01.12.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 12/2017

Neurological Sciences 12/2017

An exploratory study of the electronic medical record and outpatient vascular neurology consultations

Zeitschrift:
Neurological Sciences > Ausgabe 12/2017
Autoren:
Larissa Georgeon, Philip B. Gorelick, Tenko Raykov, Muhammad U. Farooq, Jiangyong Min, Christopher Goshgarian, Bradley Haveman-Gould, Amy Groenhout, Molly McCarthy
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10072-017-3144-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

We carried out a quality improvement project utilizing the electronic medical record (EMR) to determine (1) the quality of vascular neurologists’ recommendations for recurrent stroke prevention and (2) primary care provider (PCP) acknowledgement of the vascular neurologists’ recurrent stroke prevention recommendations and their frequency of meeting the recommended metrics for risk factor control and lifestyle modification. We conducted a retrospective EMR chart review on a convenience sample of ischemic stroke patients during two epochs. Data collected included risk factors, stroke subtype, and process and outcome guidance metrics for recurrent ischemic stroke prevention according to American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) recommendations. Overall, vascular neurologists commonly recommended appropriate AHA/ASA risk factor management standards, but were less likely to do so for lifestyle management. Improvements in the EMR system over time, including the establishment of guideline-driven importable recurrent stroke prevention templates, led to a high frequency of proper risk factor and lifestyle recommendations made by vascular neurologists. Statistical analysis provided further evidence that the EMR positively influenced the delivery of proper recurrent stroke prevention guidance. Although PCPs infrequently acknowledged receipt of vascular neurology consultations, there was a relatively high frequency of achieved risk factor control. The latter may be attributed at least in part to pre-existent quality improvement programs implemented at primary care offices. Our exploratory findings suggest that proper use of the EMR may heighten efforts to provide appropriate and consistent recurrent stroke prevention recommendations in a primary care setting.

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