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07.02.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2019

European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery 2/2019

Analysis of quality of life after major trauma: a spanish follow-up cohort study

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery > Ausgabe 2/2019
Autoren:
Heura Llaquet Bayo, Sandra Montmany, Pere Rebasa, Miriam Secanella, Marta Alberich, Salvador Navarro

Abstract

Purpose

Study objectives are to determine whether quality of life is recovered completely after major injury and to identify determinants associated with a worse quality of life.

Methods

Prospective 12-month follow-up of injured patients admitted to the intensive care unit in a Spanish level 1 trauma centre. The main outcome (quality of life) was measured using the EQ-5D-5L. The relationships between sociodemographic factors, injury severity and location, and quality of life scores were evaluated. Mean comparison analysis (95% confidence interval) was performed with the student “t” test for quantitative variables and with chi-squared for proportion comparison (qualitative variables). A multivariate logistic regression (odds ratio and 95% confidence interval) was performed to identify determinants of each dimension, and a multivariate linear regression (regression coefficient and 95% confidence interval) to identify the determinants of EQus and EQvas.

Results

Over a 2-year period, 304 patients who met the inclusion criteria were identified, and 200 patients (65.8%) were finally included. Most of patients suffered blunt trauma (91.5%), 72.5% were men, mean age was 47.8, mean ISS was 15.2. The overall health index (EQvas) improved slightly, but its mean value at 12 months was below the Spanish population norm (P < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, age ≥ 55, female gender and unskilled employment were risk factors for a lower EQvas. Also in the multivariate analysis, having a severe extremity injury was associated with a lower score on the mobility dimension (OR 6.56 95% CI 2.00, 21.55) while age ≥ 55 years was associated with a lower score on the usual activities dimension (OR 3.52 95% CI 1.17, 10.57). Female gender was the most important factor associated with suffering pain (OR 4.54, 95% CI 2.01, 10.27) and depression/anxiety (OR 4.04, 95% CI 1.88, 8.65). In the univariate and multivariate analyses, female gender, age ≥ 55 years, ISS ≥ 25 and severe extremity injury were associated with a lower EQ utility score (EQus).

Conclusions

The quality of life score improves during the first year after major trauma. However, it does not return to the reference levels for the normal population. Female gender and age ≥ 55 years are statistically significant determinants of poorer EQvas and EQus.

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