To explore the genetic effect of rs2031920 and rs3813867 polymorphisms within the cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) gene on the risk of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), a meta-analysis was performed.
The eligible case–control studies were obtained by database searching and screening, and the specific statistical analysis was performed with STATA 12.0 software.
After the process of database searching and screening, a total of 32 case–control studies with 7435 cases and 10,466 controls were ultimately included in our meta-analysis. With regard to the rs2031920 C/T polymorphism, in comparison to controls, a reduced risk in cases of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) was detected for the models of allele T vs. allele C [P = 0.025, odds ratio (OR) = 0.67], carrier T vs. carrier C (P = 0.014, OR = 0.70), TT vs. CC (P = 0.029, OR = 0.65), CT vs. CC (P = 0.040, OR = 0.56), CT + TT vs. CC (P = 0.035, OR = 0.58). Similarly, a decreased SCC risk was observed for the rs3813867 G/C polymorphism in the allele, carrier, homozygote, dominant, and recessive models of overall SCC meta-analysis and “ESCC” subgroup analysis (all P < 0.05, OR < 1) and in all genetic models of “Asian” and “population-based control (PB)” subgroup analysis (all P < 0.05, OR < 1). Additionally, for the rs2031920/rs3813867 haplotype, a decreased SCC risk was also detected in the overall SCC meta-analysis under the allele, carrier, homozygote and dominant model (all P < 0.05, OR < 1) and the subgroup analysis of “PB” under the allele, carrier, and dominant models (all P < 0.05, OR < 1).
Our meta-analysis supports the “T” allele carrier of the CYP2E1 rs2031920 C/T polymorphism and “C” allele carrier of the rs3813867 G/C polymorphism as protective factors for ESCC patients, especially in Asian populations.