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01.12.2018 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Journal of Ovarian Research 1/2018

Anaplastic carcinoma in ovarian seromucinous cystic tumor of borderline malignancy

Journal of Ovarian Research > Ausgabe 1/2018
Toshiyuki Okumura, Etuo Muronosono, Masahiko Tsubuku, Yasuhisa Terao, Satoru Takeda, Masanori Maruyama



The mortality rate of ovarian cancer is the highest among all gynecological malignancies in Japan. Ovarian tumors are classified as benign, borderline malignant, or malignant. Anticipating the histological subtype with imaging only is often difficult because of several histological subtypes of epithelial ovarian tumors (such as serous, mucinous, endometrioid, clear cell, and Brenner tumors). In addition, the majority of mucinous tumors in the ovary are metastatic. Furthermore, mucinous tumors belong to one of the two different subclasses (i.e., intestinal and seromucinous types). Ovarian seromucinous cystic tumors of borderline malignancy are infrequent and only rarely coexist with other malignant tumors.

Case presentation

We have reported a 53-year-old Japanese woman with anaplastic carcinoma in an ovarian seromucinous cystic tumor of borderline malignancy. Her MRI and CT analysis revealed an ovarian tumor with a mural nodule, ascites, and peritoneal dissemination. Enhanced MRI revealed that the mural nodule was enhanced. Enhanced CT analysis revealed that the lymph nodes were not swollen. Intriguingly, the mural nodule crossed the cyst wall into the cavity and onto the surface. Her laboratory data revealed high serum CA 125 level. Cumulatively, these results suggested ovarian malignancy. The patient underwent hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, omentectomy, and resection of the disseminated lesions. Lymph node biopsy was omitted because of the suggestion of enhanced CT image findings and palpation during surgery. Her postoperative specimen examination determined FIGO at least stage IIIB, and accordingly, adjuvant chemotherapy was prescribed. After 3 years of the operation, the patient is presently alive without clinical tumor recurrences.


Imaging studies with pathognomonic findings contributed to ovarian cancer diagnosis in this case. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study in English literature to report detailed classification of mucinous borderline malignancy, seromucinous cystic, and anaplastic carcinoma in an ovarian seromucinous cystic tumor of borderline malignancy.
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