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04.03.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2019

Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 3/2019

Anastomotic leakage following retrosternal pull-up

Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2019
Sohei Matsumoto, Kohei Wakatsuki, Kazuhiro Migita, Hiroshi Nakade, Tomohiro Kunishige, Shintaro Miyao, Masayuki Sho
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Narrow thoracic inlet might be associated with increased incidence of cervical anastomotic leakage (AL) after esophagectomy with retrosternal reconstruction. We retrospectively evaluated the relationship of the length from the suprasternal notch to the trachea (LST) and AL using computed tomography.


In this retrospective study including 121 patients with esophageal cancer who underwent subtotal esophagectomy with retrosternal reconstruction between 2008 and 2016, clinicopathological characteristics, including the LST, surgical procedures, and perioperative outcomes, were compared between the AL and non-AL groups.


AL occurred in 19 of the 121 patients (15.7%). There were no associations between AL development and age, sex, body mass index, tumor location, TNM stage, histological type, surgical approach, or type of the anastomotic procedure. Surgery duration was longer in the AL group than in the non-AL group (p = 0.004). Other surgical factors such as intra-operative blood loss and anastomotic technique were not associated with AL. LST was significantly shorter in the AL group than in the non-AL group (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that LST was a significant predictor of AL (p < 0.001).


LST is a simple and useful predictor of AL after esophagectomy with retrosternal reconstruction.

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