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12.03.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2018

Anatomical Science International 4/2018

Anatomical variations of the torcular Herophili: macroscopic study and clinical aspects

Zeitschrift:
Anatomical Science International > Ausgabe 4/2018
Autoren:
Wakoto Matsuda, Takahiro Sonomura, Satoru Honma, Sachi Ohno, Tetsuya Goto, Shuichi Hirai, Masahiro Itoh, Yoshiko Honda, Hiroki Fujieda, Jun Udagawa, Shingo Takano, Fumino Fujiyama, Shuichi Ueda

Abstract

The anatomical variations of the confluence of sinuses were examined, focusing on the continuity of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) and the transverse sinuses (TSs). In the 142 specimens studied, there were 72 symmetric cases (50.7%) and 70 asymmetric cases (49.3%). The symmetric group (no dominant type) was categorized into 34 cases of bifurcation (23.9%) and 38 cases of confluence (26.8%). The asymmetric group was categorized into 54 cases of the right-dominant type (38.0%) and 16 cases of the left-dominant type (11.3%). The right-dominant type was further categorized into 38 partially-communicating (26.8%) and 16 non-communicating types (11.3%). The left-dominant type was categorized into 11 partially-communicating (7.7%) and 5 non-communicating types (3.5%). In summary, the SSS asymmetrically drained into one TS in about half of the cases studied. The right-dominant type was about three to four times as common as the left-dominant type. The draining pattern shown by the asymmetric group could provoke intracranial hypertension due to unilateral jugular vein obstruction. In order to avoid this risk in cases of neck dissection, jugular vein catheterization, or hypercoagulopathy, preoperative evaluations of the dural sinus variations via MR venography, three-dimensional CT, or plain X-ray of the skull are recommended.

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