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01.12.2014 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 8/2014

The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 8/2014

Anatomical versus functional assessment of coronary artery disease: direct comparison of computed tomography coronary angiography and magnetic resonance myocardial perfusion imaging in patients with intermediate pre-test probability

Zeitschrift:
The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging > Ausgabe 8/2014
Autoren:
Marta Ponte, Nuno Bettencourt, Eulália Pereira, Nuno Dias Ferreira, Amedeo Chiribiri, Andreas Schuster, Aníbal Albuquerque, Vasco Gama, Eike Nagel

Abstract

Computed tomography coronary angiography (CTA) and cardiac magnetic resonance myocardial perfusion imaging (CMR-MPI) are state-of-the-art tools for noninvasive assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of CTA and CMR-MPI for the detection of functionally relevant CAD, using invasive coronary angiography (XA) with fractional flow reserve (FFR) as a reference standard, and to evaluate the best protocol integrating these techniques for assessment of patients with suspected CAD. 95 patients (68 % men; 62 ± 8.1 years) with intermediate pre-test probability (PTP) of CAD underwent a sequential protocol of CTA, CMR-MPI and XA. Significant CAD was defined as >90 % coronary stenosis, 40–90 % stenosis with FFR ≤ 0.80 or left main stenosis ≥50 %. Prevalence of significant CAD was 43 %. CTA was more sensitive (100 %) but less specific (59 %) than CMR-MPI (88 and 89 %, respectively) for detection of significant CAD, with a strong trend for higher global diagnostic accuracy of CMR-MPI (88 vs. 77 %, p = 0.05). An integrated approach based on an initial CTA and subsequent referral to CMR-MPI of positive/inconclusive results had the best diagnostic performance (AUC 0.91). The direct referral to XA of patients with positive/inconclusive CTA performed worse than a selective approach based on CMR-MPI results (AUC 0.80 vs. 0.91, p = 0.005). In this intermediate PTP population, CMR-MPI showed a strong trend toward better performance compared to CTA for the assessment of functionally significant CAD. A combined protocol integrating coronary anatomy and function seems to be a very effective approach in the accurate diagnosis of CAD.

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