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08.05.2020 | Original Article

Antibacterial efficacy of 810-nm diode laser on the biofilm formation by Enterococcus faecalis in root canals: an in vitro study

Zeitschrift:
Lasers in Dental Science
Autoren:
Mira Kebudi Benezra, Elif Karaslan, Mehmet Z. Doymaz, Asiye Nur Dincer
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Aim

This study aimed to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of 810-nm diode laser on the root canals infected with Enterococcus faecalis biofilm-like structure by using comparable and safe parameters.

Methodology

The root canals of 52 extracted human single-rooted teeth were prepared, 4 teeth allocated as negative control and 48 teeth inoculated with E. faecalis for 3 weeks. The teeth were then randomly divided into the following 4 experimental groups: Group NaOCl (n = 12), 17% EDTA + 5.25% NaOCl + saline; Group DL1 (n = 12), 17% EDTA + 1 W diode laser + saline; Group DL2 (n = 12), 17% EDTA + 1.5 W diode laser + saline; Group S (n = 12), Saline. Samples were obtained from dentin chips before and after the interventions. A reduction in colony count was assessed by counting the colony-forming units.

Results

Compared to the control group, significant reductions were noted in E. faecalis colony counts in all groups (p < .05) except Group S (p > .05). The greatest reduction in colony count (98.9%) was noted in the Group NaOCl. The difference in this respect between the Group DL2 and Group S (p < .05) was significant; however, no significant difference was noted between Group DL1 and Group S (p > .05).

Conclusion

Our results demonstrated two different parameters of 810-nm diode laser showing the significant antibacterial effect on E. faecalis biofilm but it was not as effective as NaOCl irrigation.

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