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19.03.2020 | Original article

Anxiety is associated with increased risk for atrial cardiopathy

Zeitschrift:
Acta Neurologica Belgica
Autoren:
Zhaolu Wang, Huiyuan Qin, Guilin Chen, Yan Dai, Yingyuan Cai, Xi Cheng, Yun Qian, Ming Chu, Xiaowei Lu
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Anxiety is common in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The mutual causal effect between anxiety and AF is expected with limited evidence. Atrial cardiopathy is a term to describe structural or electrophysiological atrium abnormality that precedes the onset of AF. This study aimed to investigate the association of anxiety with atrial cardiopathy, giving a clue to the causal relationship of this mind–heart link. This cross-sectional study analyzed 532 patients who were free of AF, atrial flutter, stroke, acute coronary syndrome and valvular heart disease. Atrial cardiopathy was defined as P-wave terminal force in lead V1 > 5000 μV·ms on electrocardiogram or severe left atrial enlargement on echocardiogram. Generalized anxiety disorder was ascertained by a score of > 17/56 on Hamilton anxiety rating scale. Multivariable logistic regression was used to explore the association of anxiety with atrial cardiopathy. A total of 65(12.2%) patients had atrial cardiopathy and 53(10.0%) had generalized anxiety disorder, respectively. Those with atrial cardiopathy were older (74.0 vs 67.0, P < 0.001), had a bigger left ventricular posterior wall thickness (10.1 vs 9.7 mm, P = 0.030), and had a higher prevalence of hypertension (83.1% vs 65.5%, P = 0.005), premature complexes (20.0% vs 6.2%, P < 0.001), and generalized anxiety disorder (20.0% vs 8.6%, P = 0.004), respectively. Multivariable logistic regression showed the significant association of anxiety with atrial cardiopathy (OR 2.788; 95% CI 1.304–5.960, P = 0.008), independent of confounding factors. Anxiety is independently associated with atrial cardiopathy. This association indicates the triggering effect of anxiety on atrial remodeling.

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