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Drs. Carlos Augusto Gomes, Cleber Soares Junior, Rodrigo de Oliveira Peixoto, José Murilo Bastos Netto, Camila Couto Gomes and Felipe Couto Gomes have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.
CAG: conception and design, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation of data, entire manuscript reviewer. CSJ and RPO: acquisition of data and revising it critically for importante intellectual content; JMBN: analysis and interpretation of data and revising it critically for important intellectual content; CCG and FCG: have made substantial contributions to data collection, graphic art and contribution in the revision process. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Closure of appendicular stump has been performed in different ways; however, the use of the metal endoclip in complicated grades of acute appendicitis, has not been evaluated yet in a prospective way.
To establish the effectiveness of appendiceal stump closure by metal endoclip for complicated appendicitis.
From January 2009 to January 2011 were evaluated 131 consecutive patients who underwent a laparoscopic appendectomy for complicated acute appendicitis. From those, 118 underwent appendiceal stump closure by metal endoclip. The patient’s age ranged from 12 to 75 years old (31.7 ± 13.3) and 52.7% were male. Complicated appendicitis refers to gangrenous and/or perforated appendix, which may lead to abscess formation and degrees of peritonitis. The outcomes viability, operative time, infection complication, operative complications, and conversion rate were chosen to evaluate the procedure.
The appendiceal stump closure by metal endoclip was used in 90% of cases. The presence of appendix base necrosis was the most important factor involved in failure of the procedure. Laparoscopic knot (1.5%), laparoscopic endo-suture (3.8%) and video assisted laparotomy (4.7%) were the alternatives used in difficult cases. The mean operative time was (67.54 ± 28.13 minutes). The wound and intra-abdominal infection rates were 2.54% and 5.08%, respectively. There were no operative complications and the conversion rate was 0.85%.
The appendiceal stump closure by metal endoclip, in complicated grades of acute appendicitis, is a safe and effective procedure. In patients with appendix base necrosis it should be avoided in favor of other alternatives.