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28.11.2016 | Original Research | Ausgabe 2/2017

Translational Behavioral Medicine 2/2017

Applicability of acceptance and commitment therapy-based mobile app in depression nursing

Zeitschrift:
Translational Behavioral Medicine > Ausgabe 2/2017
Autoren:
Ph.D Kirsikka Kaipainen, Ph.D Pasi Välkkynen, Ph.D Nina Kilkku
Wichtige Hinweise

Implications

Policy: Policymakers should consider including the use of self-help apps in the education curriculum of mental health professionals, both to improve the professionals’ own mental health and skills and to train them to use apps with clients.
Research: Further research should examine how the personal use of self-help apps during mental health professionals’ education influences the actual uptake in clinical practice.
Practice: Acceptance and commitment therapy methods can be delivered via a mobile self-help app that can be applied flexibly in nursing practice after initial training in its use.
The findings reported have not been previously published. The manuscript is not being simultaneously submitted elsewhere. The data have not been previously reported. The authors have full control of all primary data and agree to allow the journal to review their data if requested.

Abstract

Due to the high burden of depression, new models and methods of mental healthcare need to be developed. Prior research has shown the potential benefits of using technology tools such as mobile apps as self-help or combined with psychological treatment. Therefore, professionals should acquaint themselves with evidence-based apps to be able to use them with clients and guide the clients in their use. The purpose of this study was to explore how an acceptance and commitment therapy-based mobile app was perceived as a self-management tool among nurses, and how it could be applied in the prevention and treatment of depression and other mental health issues. Sixteen Finnish nurses undergoing depression nurse specialist education used the app for 5 weeks and participated in semistructured focus group interviews. Interviews were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. In general, the nurses found the app suitable as a self-management tool and identified three models of using it in clinical practice. Having used the app personally, the nurses were eager to take it into use with various client groups, especially in occupational health but also in the treatment of mental health problems. However, they also raised concerns about the effort needed in familiarizing oneself with the content and pointed out specific client groups for whom the benefits of the app should be carefully weighed against the potential risks. Despite the small sample size, the findings suggest that involving technology tools as part of the nurses’ education could ease their adoption in clinical practice. The degree of professional support in the app use should be aligned to the severity of the mental health problems.

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